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    24-Jul-2014
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MERIS Product Handbook
MERIS Product Handbook
MERIS Product Handbook
Index
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MERIS Glossary and reference documents
Glossary
Optics Glossary
Vegetation Glossary
Water Vapour Glossary
Ocean Colour Glossary
Neural Network Glossary
Meteorology Glossary
Cloud Glossary
Atmosphere Glossary
Product Glossary
Geometry Glossary
Acronyms and Abbreviations
MERIS Instrument
Instrument Characteristics and Performance
MERIS Quality Status
Instrument characteristic
Characterisation and Calibration
Onboard Calibration Hardware
Calibration Modes
Instrument Description
Instrument model philosophy
Instrument Concept
Digital processing Unit
Video Electronic Unit
Detection Focal Plane
Instrument optics
The MERIS instrument
MERIS Products and Algorithms
Auxiliary Files
Common Auxiliary Datasets
Auxiliary Datasets for Level 2 Processing
Auxiliary Datasets for Level 1b Processing
Summary of Auxiliary Datasets
Water Vapour Parameters Data File
Atmosphere Parameters Data File
Level 2 Control Parameters Data File
Aerosol Climatology Data File
Coastline/Land/Ocean Data File
Digital Roughness Model Data File
Radiometric Calibration Data File
MERIS Level 1b Control Parameters Data File
Digital Elevation Model
ECMWF Data Files
ENVISAT Orbit Data Files
Surface Confidence Map File
Land Vegetation Index Parameters Data File
Cloud Measurement Parameters Data File
Ocean II Parameters Data File
Ocean I Parameters Data File
Land Aerosols Parameters Data File
Ocean Aerosols Parameters Data File
MERIS Instrument Data File
MERIS-Specific Topics
Level 2 Products and Algorithms
Level 2 Products
Level 2 Geophysical Products
Annotation data set
Flags
Water Vapour products
Land products
Meris Terrestrial Chlorophyll Index
Meris Global Vegetation Index
Aerosol Angström Coefficient
Aerosol optical thickness
Reflectance
Cloud products
Cloud reflectance
Cloud Type
Cloud top pressure
Cloud albedo
Cloud optical thickness
Ocean products
The MERIS Aerosol Angström Coefficient
Aerosol optical thickness
Photosynthetically Active Radiation (PAR)
Yellow substance
Suspended matter
Algal Pigment Index II
Algal Pigment Index I
Normalized water leaving radiance / reflectance
Product description
Level 2 High-Level Organisation of Products
Full Resolution Geophysical Product
Extracted Vegetation Indices
Extracted Cloud Thickness and Water Vapour for Meteo Users
Extracted Cloud Thickness and Water Vapour
Reduced Resolution Geophysical Product
Level 2 Algorithms
Level 2 Accuracies
Level 2 Algorithm Description
MERIS Level 2 Product Formatting Algorithm
Measurement Data Sets
Annotation Data Set "Tie Points Location and corresponding Auxiliary Data"
Global Annotation Data Set - Scaling Factors
Annotation Data Set "Summary Product Quality"
Specific Product Header
Main Product Header
MERIS Land Pixels Processing
MERIS Bottom Of Atmosphere Vegetation Index (BOAVI) (step 2.8)
Atmospheric correction over land (step 2.6.23)
MERIS Top Of Atmosphere Vegetation Index (TOAVI) (step 2.2)
Water Processing
MERIS Ocean Colour Processing (step 2.9)
Clear water atmospheric corrections (step 2.6.9)
Turbid water screening and corrections (steps 2.6.8, 2.6.10)
Water Confidence Checks (step 2.6.5)
Cloud Processing
Cloud type processing (step 2.4.8)
Cloud Optical Thickness processing (step 2.4.3)
Cloud Albedo processing (step 2.4.1)
Total Water Vapour Retrieval
Water vapour polynomial (function)
Range checks (steps 2.3.0, 2.3.6)
Water vapour retrieval over clouds (step 2.3.3)
Water vapour retrieval over water surfaces (steps 2.3.2, 2.3.5)
Water vapour retrieval over land surfaces (step 2.3.1)
MERIS Pixel Identification
Land Identification (step 2.6.26) and Smile Effect Correction (step 2.1.6)
Gaseous absorption corrections (step 2.6.12)
Stratospheric Aerosol Correction (step 2.1.9)
Cloud screening (steps 2.1.2, 2.1.7, 2.1.8)
MERIS Pressure Processing
Atmospheric pressure confidence tests (steps 2.1.2)
Atmospheric pressure estimate (steps 2.1.5, 2.1.12)
MERIS Pre-processing
Pre processing step
Level 1b product check
Level 2 Physical Justification
Level 1b Products and Algorithms
Level 1b product definition
Browse Products
Level 1b Essential Product Confidence Data
Level 1b Engineering Quantities
Level 1b Accuracies
Level 1b High-Level Organisation of Products
Measurement Data Sets
Annotation Data Set "Product Quality"
Annotation Data Set "Tie Points Location and corresponding Auxiliary Data"
Global Annotation Data Set
Specific Product Header
Main Product Header
Full Resolution Geolocated and Calibration TOA Radiance
Reduced Resolution Geolocated and Calibration TOA Radiance
Level 1b Algorithms
Formatting
External Data Assimilation
Pixel Classification
Geolocation
Stray Light Correction
Radiometric Processing
Saturated Pixels
Source Data Packet Extraction
Level 0 Products
Product Evolution History
Definitions and Conventions
Notations and Conventions
Product Grid
Units
Organisation of Products
MERIS product data structure
File naming convention
Acquisition identification scheme
Product identification scheme
Latency, Throughput and Data Volume
Introduction
MERIS products overview
MERIS product types
Full and reduced resolutions
MERIS product processing levels
MERIS User Guide
Image gallery
How to Use MERIS Data
Software Tools
BEAM
EnviView
General Tools
How to Choose MERIS Data
Summary of Applications vs. Products
Land
Atmosphere
Oceans
Introduction
Special Features of MERIS
Geographical Coverage
Principles of Measurement
Scientific Background
Mission Objectives
MERIS Level 3 products
Heritage
Geophysical Measurements
MERIS Product Handbook
Services
Site Map
Frequently asked questions
Glossary
Credits
Terms of use
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4.1 Acronyms and Abbreviations

Table 4.1 - Acronyms and Abbreviations.

AATSR

Advanced Along-Track Scanning Radiometer

AC

ACross track

ADC

Analogue to Digital Conversion

ADEOS

ADvanced Earth Observation Satellite

ADS

Annotation Data Set

ADSR

Annotation Data Set Record

AISP

Annotated Instrument Source Packet

AIT

Acceptance, Integration, and Testing

AL

ALong track

AOCS

Attitude and Orbit Control System

ARVI

Atmosphere Robust Vegetation Index

ASAR

Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar

ASIC

Application Specific Integrated Circuit

ASW

Application SoftWare

ATBD

Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document

AU

Astronomical Unit

AVHRR

Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer

BIC

Bus Interface Controller

BOA

Bottom Of Atmosphere / Begin Of Acquisition

BOAVI

Bottom of Atmosphere Vegetation Index

BPA

Bleached Particle Absorption

BRDF

Bi-directional Reflectance Distribution Function

CA

Corrective Action / Cloud Albedo

Cal/Val

Calibration/Validation

CCD

Charge-Coupled Device

CFI

Customer-Furnished Item

CM

Calibration Mechanism

COSA

Camera Optics SubAssembly

CPU

Central Processing Unit

CZCS

Coastal Zone Colour Scanner

DAPB

Data Acquisition and Processing Block

DB

Detection Box

DBI

Digital Bus Interface

DBU

Digital Bus Unit

DDV

Dense Dark Vegetation

DEM

Digital Elevation Model

DORIS

Doppler Orbitography and Radio-positioning Integrated by Satellite

DPC

Digital Processing Chain

DPM

Detailed Processing Model

DRM

Digital Roughness Model

DR

Digital Relay

DS16

Digital Serial via 16 bits words

DSD

Data Set Descriptor

DSL

Depointing Signal Line

DSP

Digital Signal Processor

DSR

Data Set Record

DSU

Detection Supply Unit

DU

Detection Unit (dB + FPA)

ECMWF

European Centre for Medium-term Weather Forecast

EDAC

Error Detection And Correction

ENVISAT

ENVIronment SATellite

EQSOL

EQuipment Switch Off Line

ERS

European Remote-sensing Satellites

ESA

European Space Agency

ESRIN

European Space Research INstitute

FM

Flight Model

FME

Folding Mirror Element

FOV

Field Of View

FPA

Focal Plane Assembly

FPAR

Fractional Photosynthetically Active Radiation

FR

Full Resolution

FSR

Full Spatial Resolution

GADS

Global Annotation Data Set

GLI

GLobal Imager

GOME

Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment

GOMOS

Global Ozone Monitoring by Occultation of the Stars

HSM

High Speed Multiplexer

H/W

Hardware

ICU

Instrument Control Unit

ID

IDentifier

InFOV

Instantaneous Field Of View

IGBP

International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme

IMT

Inverse Modelling Technique

InFOV

Instrument Field Of View

I/O

Input/Output

IOCCG

International Ocean-Colour Coordinating Group

IOP

Inherent Optical Properties

IPF

Instrument Processing Facility

IR

Infrared

IRS

Indian Remote Sensing Satellite

IRTM-NN

Inverse Radiative Transfer Model - Neural Network

ISLSCP

International Satellite Land Surface Climatology Project

JGOFS

Joint Global Ocean Flux Study

L1B

Level 1B

L2

Level 2

LANDSAT

LAND observation SATellite

LBR

Low Bit Rate

LR

Low Resolution

LRAC

Low Rate Reference Archive Centre

LSB

Least Significant Bit

LU

Luminance unit (mW.sr-1.m-2.mm-1)

LUT

Look Up Table

LVI

Land Vegetation Index

MARS

Monitoring Agriculture by Remote Sensing

MARS CAP

Monitoring Agriculture by Remote Sensing Common Agricultural Policy

MARS STAT

Monitoring Agriculture by Remote Sensing STATistics

MBR

Medium Bit Rate

MCMD

MacroCoMmanD

MDS

Measurement Data Set

MDSR

Measurement Data Set Record

MERIS

MEdium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer

MIPAS

Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Soundings

MISR

Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer

MGVI

MERIS Global Vegetation Index

MJD

Modified Julian Day

MJD2000

Modified Julian Day 2000

ML16

Memory Load via 16 bits words

MMU

Memory Management Unit

MODIS

MODerate resolution Imaging Spectrometer

MOS

Modular Optoelectronic Scanner

MOMO

Matrix Operator MOdel

MPH

Main Product Header

MTF

Modulation Transfer Function

MWR

MicroWave Radiometer

N/A

Not Applicable

NASA

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NDVI

Normalised Differential Vegetation Index

NEDL

Noise Equivalent Differential Luminance

NIR

Near Infra-Red

NN

Neural Network

NRT

Near Real Time

N/S

Non Significant

OBDH

OnBoard Data Handling

OBT

OnBoard Time

OCL

Offset Control Loop

OCI

Ocean Colour Imager

OCM

Ocean Colour Monitor

ODOC

Optical Dissolved Organic Compounds (synonyms: Yellow substance, Gelbstoff)

OCTS

Ocean Colour and Temperature Scanner

OFL

OFf-Line

OS

Operating System

OSMI

Ocean Scanning Multispectral Imager

PAR

Photosynthetically Available Radiation

PC

Peltier Cooler

PCD

Product Confidence Data

PDF

Portable Document Format

PDHF

Payload Data Handling Facility

PDHS

Payload Data Handling Station

PDS

Payload Data Segment

PDU

Power Distribution Unit

PF

Processing Facility

PF-HS

Processing Facility - Host Structure

PM

Payload Module

PMC

Payload Management Computer

POLDER, POLDER-2

POLarization and Directionality of the Earth's Reflectance

PPDU

Payload Power Distribution Unit

PPF

Polar PlatForm

PROM

Programmable Read Only Memory

PS

Power Supply (inside DSU)

RAM

Random Access Memory

RBI

Remote Bus Interface

RGB

Red Green Blue

ROM

Read Only Memory

RR

Reduced Resolution

RSR

Reduced Spatial Resolution

SAG

Science Advisory Group

SAGE

Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Equipment

SAR

Synthetic Aperture Radar

SCIAMACHY

SCanning Imaging Absorption Spectrometer for Atmospheric Cartography

SDPSS

Science Data Processing SubSystem

SeaWiFS

Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor

SL16

Serial Link via 16 bits words

SP

SPectral (dimension of the sensor)

SPH

Specific Product Header

SPM

Suspended Particulate Matter (equivalent to TSM)

SQADS

Summary Quality Annotation Data Set

SRDF

Spectral Region Distribution Function

SSI

Spectral Sampling Interval

SST

Sea Surface Temperature

S/W

SoftWare

SWSA

Scrambling Windows SubAssembly

SWE

Scrambling Window Element

TBC

To Be Confirmed

TBD

To Be Defined

TOA

Top Of Atmosphere

TOAR

Top Of Atmosphere Radiance

TOAVI

Top Of Atmosphere Vegetation Index

TSM

Total Suspended Matter (equivalent to SPM)

TSP

Total Suspended Particulates

UNFCCC

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

UT

Universal Time

UV

UltraViolet

VC

Video Chain

VEU

Video Electronic Unit

VIS

VISible

WGS84

World Geodetic Standard 1984

YS

Yellow Substance


Keywords: ESA European Space Agency - Agence spatiale europeenne, observation de la terre, earth observation, satellite remote sensing, teledetection, geophysique, altimetrie, radar, chimique atmospherique, geophysics, altimetry, radar, atmospheric chemistry