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ASAR Data Formats Products
Geolocation Grid ADSRs
Doppler Centroid parameters
Chirp parameters
Antenna Elevation pattern
ASAR external characterization data
ASAR external calibration data
Level 0 SPH
Level 0 MDSR
SPH for auxiliary data with N=1 DSDs
Wave Mode Geolocation ADS
ASAR Wave Mode Products Base SPH
Slant Range to Ground Range conversion parameters
Measurement Data Set containing spectra. 1 MDSR per spectra.
Ocean Wave Spectra
Map Projection parameters
ASAR Image Products SPH
Measurement Data Set 1
Auxilliary Products
ASA_XCH_AX: ASAR External characterization data
ASA_XCA_AX: ASAR External calibration data
ASA_INS_AX: ASAR Instrument characterization
ASA_CON_AX: ASAR Processor Configuration
Browse Products
ASA_WS__BP: ASAR Wide Swath Browse Image
ASA_IM__BP: ASAR Image Mode Browse Image
ASA_GM__BP: ASAR Global Monitoring Mode Browse Image
ASA_AP__BP: ASAR Alternating Polarization Browse Image
Level 0 Products
ASA_WV__0P: ASAR Wave Mode Level 0
ASA_WS__0P: ASAR Wide Swath Mode Level 0
ASA_MS__0P: ASAR Level 0 Module Stepping Mode
ASA_IM__0P: ASAR Image Mode Level 0
ASA_GM__0P: ASAR Global Monitoring Mode Level 0
ASA_EC__0P: ASAR Level 0 External Characterization
ASA_APV_0P: ASAR Alternating Polarization Level 0 (Cross polar V)
ASA_APH_0P: ASAR Alternating Polarization Level 0 (Cross polar H)
ASA_APC_0P: ASAR Alternating Polarization Level 0 (Copolar)
Level 1 Products
ASA_IMS_1P: ASAR Image Mode Single Look Complex
ASA_IMP_1P: ASAR Image Mode Precision Image
ASA_IMM_1P: ASAR Image Mode Medium Resolution Image
ASA_IMG_1P: ASAR Image Mode Ellipsoid Geocoded Image
ASA_GM1_1P: ASAR Global Monitoring Mode Image
ASA_APS_1P: ASAR Alternating Polarization Mode Single Look Complex
ASA_APP_1P: ASAR Alternating Polarization Mode Precision Image
ASA_APM_1P: ASAR Alternating Polarization Medium Resolution Image product
ASA_WSS_1P: Wide Swath Mode SLC Image
ASA_WVS_1P: ASAR Wave Mode Imagette Cross Spectra
ASA_WSM_1P: ASAR Wide Swath Medium Resolution Image
ASA_APG_1P: ASAR Alternating Polarization Ellipsoid Geocoded Image
Level 2 Products
ASA_WVW_2P: ASAR Wave Mode Wave Spectra
ASAR Glossary Terms
Sea Ice Glossary
Land Glossary
Oceans Glossary
Geometry Glossary
ASAR Instrument Glossary
Acronyms and Abbreviations
ASAR Frequently Asked Questions
The ASAR Instrument
Instrument Characteristics and Performance
Inflight Performance Verification
Preflight Characteristics and Expected Performance
Instrument Description
Internal Data Flow
ASAR Instrument Functionality
Payload Description and Position on the Platform
ASAR Products and Algorithms
Auxiliary Products
Common Auxiliary Data Sets
Auxiliary Data Sets for Level 1B Processing
Summary of Auxiliary Data Sets
Instrument-specific Topics
Level 2 Product and Algorithms
Level 2 Product
ASAR Level 2 Algorithms
Level 1B Products
ASAR Level 0 Products
Level 0 Instrument Source Packet Description
Product Evolution History
Definitions and Conventions
Organisation of Products
ASAR Data Handling Cookbook
Hints and Algorithms for Higher Level Processing
Hints and Algorithms for Data Use
ASAR Characterisation and Calibration
The Derivation of Backscattering Coefficients and RCSs in ASAR Products
External Characterisation
Internal Calibration
Pre-flight Characterisation Measurements
ASAR Latency Throughput and Data Volume
Data Volume
Products and Algorithms Introduction
Child Products
The ASAR User Guide
Image Gallery
Further Reading
How to Use ASAR Data
Software Tools
How to Choose ASAR Data
Special Features of ASAR
Geophysical Coverage
Principles of Measurement
Scientific Background
Geophysical Measurements
ASAR Product Handbook
ASAR instrument characterization data
Wave Mode processing parameters
ASAR processor configuration data
Main Processing parameters
ASA_WVI_1P: ASAR Wave Mode SLC Imagette and Imagette Cross Spectra
Product Terms
RADAR and SAR Glossary
Level 1B Products
Summary of Applications vs Products
Site Map
Frequently asked questions
Terms of use
Contact us


1.3 Further Reading

Further information on the ASAR instrument can be found in documentation available from ENVISAT

Additional reference sources:

Ref 1.39
ASAR Science Advisory Group, Editor R.A.Harris, European Space Agency 1998, "ASAR Science and Applications", ESA SP-1225

Ref 1.40
C H Buck, J-L Suchail, R Torres and M Zink (ESA-ESTEC, NL). "ASAR Performance", ENVISAT Payload Division, Keplerlaan 1, 2200 AG.

Ref 1.41
R. Torres, C. H. Buck, J-L. Suchail, M. Zink (ESA-ESTEC, NL). "In-Orbit Calibration and Maintenance of the ENVISAT ASAR Antenna Beams", ENVISAT Programme, Keplerlaan 1, 2200 AG.

Ref 1.42
R. Torres, C. Buck, J. Guijarro and J-L. Suchail (ESA-ESTEC, NL). "ESA's Ground Breaking Synthetic Aperture Radar: The ENVISAT-1 ASAR Active Antenna". APS'99.

Ref 1.43
J-L. Suchail, C. Buck, J. Guijarro and R. Torres (ESA-ESTEC, NL). "The Development of ENVISAT-1 Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar". RADAR'99.

Ref 1.44
P. Mancini, J-L. Suchail, R. Torres, J. Guijarro and C. Buck (ESA-ESTEC, NL). "The ENVISAT-1 Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar. The Development Status". CEOS'98.

Ref 1.45
J. Guijarro, C. Buck, P. Mancini, J-L. Suchail and R. Torres (ESA-ESTEC, NL). "The Development of the ENVISAT-1 ASAR". IGARSS'96.

Ref 1.46
J-L. Suchail, C. Buck, A. Schnenberg, R. Torres, M. Zink, ESA/ESTEC. "The ASAR Instrument Verification: Results from the Pre-Flight Test Campaign". Proc. CEOS SAR Workshop April 2001, Tokyo, Japan.

Ref 1.47
H Jackson ESA/ESTEC, I. Sinclair, S. Tam. MPB Technologies Inc. "ENVISAT ASAR Precision Transponders". CEOS SAR Workshop 26-29 October 1999, ESA-SP450

Ref 1.48
R.K. Hawkins, et al. "RADARSAT Precision Transponders". Adv. Space Res. Vol. 19, No. 9, pp. 1455-1465, 1997.

Ref 1.49
C H Buck, J-L Suchail, R Torres and M Zink, "ASAR Performance", Proc. of CEOS SAR Workshop 2001, Tokyo, Japan, 2.-5. April 2001.

Ref 1.50
R. Torres, C. H. Buck, J-L. Suchail, M. Zink, "In-Orbit Calibration and Maintenance of the ENVISAT ASAR Antenna Beams", Proc. of CEOS SAR Workshop 2001, Tokyo, Japan, 2.-5. April 2001.

Ref 1.51
F.H. Wong, I.G. Cumming, "A Combined SAR Doppler Centroid Estimation Scheme Based Upon Signal Phase", IEEE Trans Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 34-3, May 1996

Ref 1.52
T.M. Lillesand, R.W. Kiefer, "Remote Sensing and Image Interpretation", 2nd ed, Wiley 1987

Ref 1.53
Alley, R. B., and J. M. Whillans, "Changes in the west Antarctic ice sheet", Science, 254, 959-963, 1991.

Ref 1.54
Blakenship, D.D., R. E. Bell, S. M. Hodge, J. M. Brozena, J. C. Behrendt, and C. A. Finn, "Active volcanism beneath the West Antarctic ice sheet and implications for ice-sheet stability", Nature, 361, 526-529, 1993

Ref 1.55
Bilham, R., "Earthquakes and sea level: space and terrestrial geodesy on a changing planet", Rev Geophys., 29, 1-29, 1991.

Ref 1.56
Bull, W. B., "Geomorphic respones to climatic change", Oxford University Press, 326 p, 1991.

Ref 1.57
Burke, K., and T. H. Dixon, "Topographic Science Working Group Report to the Land Processes Branch, Earth Science and Applications Division", NASA, Lunar and Planetary Institute, 64 p., 1988.

Ref 1.58
Dahlen, F. A., and T. D. Barr, "Brittle frictional mountain building 1. Deformation and mechanical energy budget", J. Geophys. Res., 94, 3906-3922, 1989.

Ref 1.59
Dixon, T. H., M. Bursik, S. Kornreich-Wolf, M. Heflin, F. Webb, F. Farina, and S. Robaudo, "Constraints on deformation of the resurgent dome, Long Valley caldera, California, from space geodesy, in Contributions of Space Geodesy to Geodynamics", D. Smith and D. Turcotte, eds., American Geophysical Union Geodynamics Series, 23, 193-215, 1993

Ref 1.60
Elachi, C., "Spaceborne imaging radar: geologic and oceanographic applications", Science, 209, 1073-1082, 1980

Ref 1.61
Francis, O., and P. Mazzega, "Global charts of ocean tides loading effects", J. Geophys. Res., 95, 11411-11424, 1990.

Ref 1.62
Hahn, C.J., S.G. Warren, J. London, R.L. Jenne, and R.M. Chervin, "Climatological data for clouds over the globe from surface observations", Report NDP-026, Carbon Dioxide Information Center, Oak Ridge TN, 57 p. (also available as CD-ROM), 1987.

Ref 1.63
Harding, D.J., J.L. Bufton, and J.J. Frawley, "Laser altimetry of terrestrial topography: vertical accuracy as a function of surface slope, roughness, and cloud cover", IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens, in press, 1994a.

Ref 1.64
Harrison, C. G. A., "Rates of continental erosion and mountain building", Geol. Rundsch., 83, 431-447, 1994.

Ref 1.65
Herzfeld, U. C., "A method for seafloor classification using directional variograms, demon-strated for data from the western flank of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge", Math. Geology, 25, 901-924, 1993.

Ref 1.66
Herzfeld, U.C., I. I. Kim, J. A. Orcutt, and C. G. Fox, "Fractal geometry and seafloor topography: theoretical concepts versus data analysis for the Juan de Fuca Ridge and the East Pacific Rise", Ann. Geophysicae, 11, 532-541, 1993.

Ref 1.67
Meier, M. F., "Contribution of small glaciers to global sea level", Science, 226, 1418-1421, 1984.

Ref 1.68
Meier, M. F., "Role of land ice in present and future sea level change, Sea Level Change", National Academy Press, 171-184, 1990.

Ref 1.69
Milliman, J. D., and R. H. Meade, "World-wide delivery of river sediment to the oceans", J. Geol., 91, 1-21, 1983.

Ref 1.70
Mueller, I. I. and S. Zerbini (eds), "The interdisiplinary role of space geodesy", Erice, Sicily Workshop Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Earth Sciences, 22, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1989.

Ref 1.71
Balababa L., Schumann R., Adrianasolo H., & Tinsley R., 1997, "Identification of Rice Cropping Areas in the Mekong Delta (Vietnam) using Radar Imagery", ESA EOQ No. 56-57, December 1997.

Ref 1.72
Engen G. & Johnsen H., "SAR Ocean Wave Inversion using Image Cross Spectra", IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing, Vol. 33, No.4, pp.1047-1056.

Ref 1.73
ESA, 1995, "New Views of the Earth: Scientific Achievements of ERS-1", ESA SP-1176/I.

Ref 1.74
ESA, 1996, "New Views of the Earth: Applications Achievements of ERS-1", ESA SP-1176/II.

Ref 1.75
ESA, 1997a, "New Views of the Earth: Engineering Achievements of ERS-1", ESA SP-1176/III.

Ref 1.76
ESA, 1997b, "Fringe 96 Workshop ERS SAR Interferometry", ESA SP-406, Vol. I, March 1997 & Vol. II, December 1997.

Ref 1.77
ESA, 1998, "Envisat Mission: Opportunities for Science and Applications", ESA SP-1218.

Ref 1.78
Luckman A.J., Baker J.R., 1995, "The Effects of Topography on Radar Scattering Mechanisms from Coniferous Forest and Upland Pasture", MAC Europe 91 Final Results Workshop Proceedings, ESA WPP-88, January 1995.

Ref 1.79
Mastenbroek K., 1998, "High resolution wind fields from ERS SAR", ESA EOQ No. 59, June 1998